Evidence-based dentistry is the cornerstone to any successful practice. Below we have compiled a digital literature review to provide the CADpro Academy community access to research supporting the practice of digital dentistry.



Digital Diagnosis

  1. Clinical Monitoring of Tooth Wear Progression in Patients over a Period of One Year Using CAD/CAM. Ahmed KE, Whitters J, Ju X, Pierce SG, MacLeod CN, Murray CA. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:153-155.



Digital Impressioning & Records

  1. Precision  of intraoral  digital dental  impressions with iTero  and extraoral digitization  with theiTero and a model scanner. Flügge TV, Schlager S, Nelson K, Nahles S, Metzger MC. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2013 Sep;144(3):471-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2013.04.017.

  1. Intraoral Digital Impression Technique: A Review. Ting-Shu S, Jian S. J Prosthodont 2015 Jun;24 :313-321. PMID: 25220390.

  1. Digital versus conventional impressions for fixed prosthodontics: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Chochlidakis K, Papaspyridakos P, Geminiani A, Chen C, Feng I, Ercoli C. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:184-190.

  1. Digital Versus Conventional Impressions in Fixed Prosthodontics: A Review. Ahlholm P, Sipilä K, Vallittu P, Jakonen M, Kotiranta U. J Prosthodont 2016 Aug 2 PMID: 27483210.

  1. Dimensional and Occlusal Accuracy of a Novel Three-Dimensional Digital Model of Articulated Dental Arches. Tanaka Y, Hattori Y. Int J Prosthodont 2013;26:282-287.

  1. Accuracy of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing–generated dental casts based on intraoral scanner data. Patzelt SB, Bishti S, Stampf S, Att W. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 Nov;145:1133-1140. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.87.

  1. Impact of digital impression techniques on the adaptation of ceramic partial crowns in vitro. Schaefer O, Decker M, Wittstock F, Kuepper H, Guentsch A. J Dent 2014;42:677-683.

  1. Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Direct Intraoral Digitization and Extraoral Digitization After Impression Taking. Quaas S, Loos R, Rudolph H, Luthardt RG. Int J Prosthodont 2015;28:30-32 doi: 10.11607/ijp.3455. PMID: 25588169.

  1. Effect of imaging powder and CAD/CAM stone types on the marginal gap of zirconia crowns. Alghazzawi TF, Al-Samadani KH, Lemons J, Liu PR, Essig ME, Bartolucci AA, Janowski GM. J Am Dent Assoc 2015 Feb;146:111-120. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2014.10.006.

  1. Comparison of accuracy and reproducibility of casts made by digital and conventional methods. Cho S, Schaefer O, Thompson GA, Guentsch A. J Prosthet Dent 2015;113:310-315.

  1. Three-dimensional evaluation of the repeatability of scanned conventional impressions of prepared teeth generated with white- and blue-light scanners. Jeon J, Choi B, Kim C, Kim J, Kim H, Kim W. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114:549-553.

  1. Comparison of repeatability between intraoral digital scanner and extraoral digital scanner: An in-vitro study. Su T-, Sun J. J Prosthodont Res (2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2015.06.002.

  1. A new method for assessing the accuracy of full arch impressions in patients. Kuhr F, Schmidt A, Rehmann P, Wöstmann B. J Dent. 2016 Dec;55:68-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2016.10.002. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

  1. Comparison of Maximum Intercuspal Contacts of Articulated Casts and Virtual Casts Requiring Posterior Fixed Partial Dentures. Arslan Y, Bankoglu Güngör M, Karakoca Nemli S, Kökdogan Boyacı B, Aydın C. J Prosthodont 2016 Feb 5. PMID: 26848940.

  1. In vivo precision of conventional and digital methods of obtaining complete-arch dental impressions. Ender A, Attin T, Mehl A. J Prosthet Dent 2016;115:313-320.

  1. Accuracy of complete-arch dental impressions: A new method of measuring trueness and precision. Ender A, Mehl A. J Prosthet Dent 2013;109:121-128.

  1. Intraoral Digital Impression Technique Compared to Conventional Impression Technique. A Randomized Clinical Trial. Gjelvold B, Chrcanovic BR, Korduner EK, Collin-Bagewitz I, Kisch J. J Prosthodont 2016;25:282-287. PMID: 26618259.

  1. In vitro comparison of the accuracy (trueness and precision) of six extraoral dental scanners with different scanning technologies. González de Villaumbrosia P, Martínez-Rus F, García-Orejas A, Salido MP, Pradíes G. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:543-550.

  1. Fit of lithium disilicate crowns fabricated from conventional and digital impressions assessed with micro-CT. Kim JH, Jeong JH, Lee JH, Cho HW. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:551-557.

  1. Effect of cement space on the marginal fit of CAD-CAM-fabricated monolithic zirconia crowns. Kale E, Seker E, Yilmaz B, Özcelik TB. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:890-895.

  1. Fit of e.max Crowns Fabricated Using Conventional and CAD/CAM Technology: A Comparative Study. Miwa A, Kori H, Tsukiyama Y, Kuwatsuru R, Matsushita Y, Koyano K. Int J Prosthodont 2016;29:602-607.

  1. Factors Influencing the Dimensional Accuracy of 3D-Printed Full-Coverage Dental Restorations Using Stereolithography Technology. Alharbi N, Osman RB, Wismeijer D. Int J Prosthodont 2016;29:503-510.

  1. A new method for assessing the accuracy of full arch impressions in patients. Kuhr F, Schmidt A, Rehmann P, Wöstmann B. J Dent 2016;55:68-74.

  1. The Marginal Fit of CAD/CAM Monolithic Ceramic and Metal‐Ceramic Crowns. Freire Y, Gonzalo E, Lopez-Suarez C, Suarez MJ. J Prosthodont 2017 Feb 2. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12590. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Effect of Crystallization Firing on Marginal Gap of CAD/CAM Fabricated Lithium Disilicate Crowns. Gold SA, Ferracane JL, da Costa J. J Prosthodont 2017 May 17. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12638. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Marginal Fit of Lithium Disilicate Crowns Fabricated Using Conventional and Digital Methodology: A Three‐Dimensional Analysis. Mostafa NZ, Ruse ND, Ford NL, Carvalho RM, Wyatt CCL. J Prosthodont 2017 Aug 21. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12656. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Quality Evaluation of Zirconium Dioxide Frameworks Produced in Five Dental Laboratories from Different Countries. Schneebeli E, Brägger U, Scherrer SS, Keller A, Wittneben JG, Hicklin SP. J Prosthodont 2017;26:399-409.

  1. Marginal Gap of Milled versus Cast Gold Restorations. Johnson R, Verrett R, Haney S, Mansueto M, Challa S. J Prosthodont 2017;26:56-63.

  1. Influence of object translucency on the scanning accuracy of a powder-free intraoral scanner: A laboratory study. Li H, Lyu P, Wang Y, Sun Y. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:93-101.

  1. Accuracy of single-abutment digital cast obtained using intraoral and cast scanners. Lee JJ, Jeong ID, Park JY, Jeon JH, Kim JH, Kim WC. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:253-259.

  1. Clinical marginal fit of zirconia crowns and patients’ preferences for impression techniques using intraoral digital scanner versus polyvinyl siloxane material. Sakornwimon N, Leevailoj C. Prosthet Dent 2017;118:386-391.

  1. Accuracy evaluation of intraoral optical impressions: A clinical study using a reference appliance. Atieh MA, Ritter AV, Ko CC, Duqum I. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:400-405.

  2. The time efficiency of intraoral scanners. Patzelt SB, Lamprinos C, Stampf S, Att W. J Am Dent Assoc 2014;145:542-551. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.23.

  1. Digital versus analog complete-arch impressions for single-unit premolar implant crowns: Operating time and patient preference. Schepke U, Meijer H, Kerdijk W, Cune MS. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114:403-406.

  2. Randomized controlled within-subject evaluation of digital and conventional workflows for the fabrication of lithium disilicate single crowns. Part I: digital versus conventional unilateral impressions. Benic GI, Mühlemann S, Fehmer V, Hämmerle CH, Sailer I. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:777-782.

  3. Digital versus conventional impressions in fixed prosthodontics: A review. Ahlholm P, Sipilä K, Vallittu P, Jakonen M, Kotiranta U. J Prosthodont 2018;27:35-41.

  4. Three-dimensional accuracy of digital static interocclusal registration by three intraoral scanner systems.  Wong KY, Esguerra RJ, Chia VAP, Tan YH, Tan KBC. J Prosthodont 2018;27:120-128.
  5. Three-dimensional static articulation accuracy of virtual models- Part I: System trueness and precision. Yee SHX, Esguerra RJ, Chew AAQ, Wong KM, Tan KBC. J Prosthodont 2018;27:129-136.
  6. Three-dimensional static articulation accuracy of virtual models- Part II: Effect of model scanner-CAD systems and articulation method. Yee SHX, Esguerra RJ, Chew AAQ, Wong KM, Tan KBC. J Prosthodont 2018;27:137-144.




Digital Fixed Prosthodontics

  1. Marginal adaptation of ceramic crowns: A systematic review. Contrepois M, Soenen A, Bartala M, Laviole O. J Prosthet Dent 2013;110:447-454.e10.

  1. Evaluation of the marginal fit of single-unit, complete-coverage ceramic restorations fabricated after digital and conventional impressions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Tsirogiannis P, Reissmann D, Heydecke G. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:328-335.

  1. Evaluation of the absolute marginal discrepancy of zirconia-based ceramic copings. Martínez-Rus F, Suárez MJ, Rivera B, Pradíes G. J Prosthet Dent. 2011;105:108-114.

  1. Fit of single tooth zirconia copings: comparison between various manufacturing processes. Grenade C, Mainjot A, Vanheusden A. J Prosthet Dent 2011;105:249-255.

  1. Predicting marginal fit of CAD/CAM crowns based on the presence or absence of common preparation errors. Renne W, McGill ST, Forshee KV, DeFee MR, Mennito AS. J Prosthet Dent 2012;108:310-315.

  1. Accuracy of ceramic restorations made with two CAD/CAM systems. Hamza TA, Ezzat HA, El-Hossary MM, Katamish HA, Shokry TE, Rosenstiel SF. J Prosthet Dent 2013;109:83-87.

  1. Accuracy of Dies Captured by an Intraoral Digital Impression System Using Parallel Confocal Imaging. Kim S, Kim M, Han J, Yeo I, Lim Y, Kwon H. Int J Prosthodont 2013;161-163.

  1. Clinical Evaluation of CAD/CAM Metal-Ceramic Posterior Crowns Fabricated from Intraoral Digital Impressions. Tamim H, Skjerven H, Ekfeldt A, Odont, Rønold HJ. Int J Prosthodont 2014;27:331–337. doi: 10.11607/ijp.3607

  1. A comparison of the marginal fit of crowns fabricated with digital and conventional methods. Ng J, Ruse D, Wyatt C. J Prosthet Dent 2014;112:555-260.

  1. Clinical Marginal and Internal Fit of Crowns Fabricated Using Different CAD/CAM Technologies. Huang Z, Zhang L, Zhu J, Zhao Y, Zhang X. Article first published online: 14 SEP 2014, doi: 10.1111/jopr.12209.

  1. 3D and 2D Marginal Fit of Pressed and CAD/CAM Lithium Disilicate Crowns Made from Digital and Conventional Impressions. Anadioti E, Aquilino SA, Gratton DG, Holloway JA, Denry I, Thomas GW, Qian F. J Prosthodont 2014 Dec;23:610-617. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12180.

  1. A 3 years retrospective study of survival for zirconia-based single crowns fabricated from intraoral digital impressions. Gherlone E, Mandelli F, Capparè P, Pantaleo G, Traini T, Ferrini F J Dent 2014;42:1151-1155.

  1. Veneered anatomically designed zirconia FPDs resulting from digital intraoral scans: Preliminary results of a prospective clinical study. Selz CF, Bogler J, Vach K, Strub JR, Guess PC. J Dent 2015;43:1428-1435.

  1. Clinical evaluation comparing the fit of all-ceramic crowns obtained from silicone and digital intraoral impressions based on wavefront sampling technology. Pradíes G, Zarauz C, Valverde A, Ferreiroa A, Martínez-Rus F. J Dent 2015;43:201-208.

  1. Internal fit of pressed and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing ceramic crowns made from digital and conventional impressions. Anadioti E, Aquilino SA, Gratton DE, Holloway JA, Denry IL, Thomas GW, Qian F. J Prosthet Dent 2015;113:304-309.

  1. Comparison of the marginal fit of lithium disilicate crowns fabricated with CAD/CAM technology by using conventional impressions and two intraoral digital scanners. Abdel-Azim T, Rogers K, Elathamna E, Zandinejad A, Metz M, Morton D. J Prosthet Dent 2015t;114:554-559.

  1. An In Vitro Comparison of the Marginal Adaptation Accuracy of CAD/CAM Restorations Using Different Impression Systems. Shembesh M, Ali A, Finkelman M, Weber HP, Zandparsa R. J Prosthodont 2016 Feb 8. PMID: 26855068.

  1. In vitro evaluation of marginal, axial, and occlusal discrepancies in metal ceramic restorations produced with new technologies. Kocaağaoğlu H, Kılınç Hİ, Albayrak H, Kara M. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:368-374.

  1. Comparison of marginal and internal fit of 3-unit ceramic fixed dental prostheses made with either a conventional or digital impression. Su TS, Sun J. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:362-367.

  1. In vitro evaluation of marginal, axial, and occlusal discrepancies in metal ceramic restorations produced with new technologies. Kocaağaoğlu H, Kılınç Hİ, Albayrak H, Kara M. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:368-374.

  1. A pilot study to assess the feasibilty and accuracy of using haptic technology to occlude digital dental models. Wu W, Cen Y, Hong Y, Keeling A, Khambay B. J Dent 2016;46:54-60.

  1. Complete-mouth rehabilitation using a 3D printing technique and the CAD/CAM double scanning method: A clinical report. Joo HS, Park SW, Yun KD, Lim HP. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:3-7.

  1. Effect of digital impressions and production protocols on the adaptation of zirconia copings. Kocaağaoğlu H, Kılınç HI, Albayrak H. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:102-108.

  1. Marginal and internal fit of metal copings fabricated with rapid prototyping and conventional waxing. Farjood E, Vojdani M, Torabi K, Khaledi AA. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:164-170.

  1. Randomized controlled within-subject evaluation of digital and conventional workflows for the fabrication of lithium disilicate single crowns. Part III: marginal and internal fit. Zeltner M, Sailer I, Mühlemann S, Özcan M, Hämmerle CH, Benic GI. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:354-362.

  1. Marginal and internal fit of CAD-CAM-fabricated composite resin and ceramic crowns scanned by 2 intraoral cameras. de Paula Silveira AC, Chaves SB, Hilgert LA, Ribeiro AP. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:386-392.

  1. A microcomputed tomography evaluation of the marginal fit of cobalt-chromium alloy copings fabricated by new manufacturing techniques and alloy systems. Kim EH, Lee DH, Kwon SM, Kwon TY. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:393-399.

  1. Internal fit of single crowns produced by CAD-CAM and lost-wax metal casting technique assessed by the triple-scan protocol. Dahl BE, Rønold HJ, Dahl JE. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:400-404.

  1. In vitro evaluation of marginal discrepancy of monolithic zirconia restorations fabricated with different CAD-CAM systems. Hamza TA, Sherif RM. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:762-766.

  1. Fit of pressed crowns fabricated from two CAD-CAM wax pattern process plans: A comparative in vitro study. Shamseddine L, Mortada R, Rifai K, Chidiac JJ. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:49-54.

  1. Comparison of margin discrepancy of complete gold crowns fabricated using printed, milled, and conventional hand-waxed patterns. Munoz S, Ramos V Jr, Dickinson DP. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:89-94.

  1. Effect of production method on surface roughness, marginal and internal fit, and retention of cobalt-chromium single crowns. Lövgren N, Roxner R, Klemendz S, Larsson C. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:95-101.

  1. A comparative study of additive and subtractive manufacturing for dental restorations. Bae EJ, Jeong ID, Kim WC, Kim JH. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:187-193.

  1. Evaluation of marginal and internal adaptation of hybrid and nanoceramic systems with microcomputed tomography: An in vitro study. Yildirim G, Uzun IH, Keles A. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:200-207.

  1. Comparison of the Marginal Fit of Cobalt-Chromium Metal-Ceramic Crowns Fabricated by CAD/CAM Techniques and Conventional Methods at Three Production Stages. Real-Voltas F, Romano-Cardozo E, Figueras-Alvarez O, Brufau-de Barbera M, Cabratosa-Termes J. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:304-305.

  1. CAD/CAM Ceramic Overlays to Restore Reduced Vertical Dimension of Occlusion Resulting from Worn Dentitions: A Case History Report. Ting J, Shuhui H, Hongqiang Y, Lu J. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:238-241.

  1. Biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated premolars using different preparation designs and CAD/CAM materials. Lise DP, Ende AV, De Munck J, Suzuki TYU, Vieira LCC, Van Meerbeek B. J Dent 2017;59:54-61.

  2. Effect of crystallization firing on marginal gap of CAD/CAM fabricated lithium disilicate crowns. Gold, S. Ferracane J, da Costa J. J Prosthodont 2018;27:63-66.

  3. Marginal fit of lithium disilicate crowns fabricated using conventional and digital methodology: A three-dimensional analysis. Mostafa NZ, Ruse ND, Ford NL, Carvalho RM, Wyatt CCL. J Prosthodont. 2018 Feb;27(2):145-152. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12656. Epub 2017 Aug 21.




Digital Removable Prosthodontics

  1. CAD/CAM fabricated complete dentures: concepts and clinical methods of obtaining required morphological data. Goodacre CJ, Garbacea A, Naylor WP, Daher T, Marchack CB, Lowry J. J Prosthet Dent 2012;107:34-46.

  1. Computer-aided technology for fabricating complete dentures: Systematic review of historical background, current status, and future perspectives. Bidra AS, Taylor TD, Agar JR J Prosthet Dent 2013;109:361-366

  1. Assessing the feasibility and accuracy of digitizing edentulous jaws. Patzelt SB, Vonau S, Stampf S, Att W. J Am Dent Assoc 2013;144:914-920.

  1. Removable Partial Dentures: Use of Rapid Prototyping. Lima JMC, Anami LC, Araujo RM, Pavanelli CA. J Prosthodont. 2014;23:588-591.

  1. Fabricating Complete Dentures with CAD/CAM and RP Technologies. Bilgin MS, Erdem A, Aglarci OS, Dilber E. J Prosthodont 2015 Jun 1. PMID: 26032438.

  1. The Use of Digital Impressions to Fabricate Tooth‐Supported Partial Removable Dental Prostheses: A Clinical Report. Mansour M, Sanchez E, Machado C. J Prosthodont 2015 Sep 15. PMID: 26371612.

  1. Part‐Digitizing System of Impression and Interocclusal Record for Complete Denture Fabrication. Matsuda T, Goto T, Yagi K, Kashiwabara T, Ichikawa T. J Prosthodont 2015 Nov 30.

  1. Comparison of treatment outcomes in digital and conventional complete removable dental prosthesis fabrications in a predoctoral setting. Kattadiyil MT, Jekki R, Goodacre CJ, Baba NZ. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114:818-825.

  1. Enhancing Fracture and Wear Resistance of Dentures/Overdentures Utilizing Digital Technology: A Case Series Report. Afify A, Haney S. J Prosthodont 2016 Feb 24. PMID: 26916680.

  1. A comparison of two digital techniques for the fabrication of complete removable dental prostheses: A pilot clinical study. Schwindling FS, Stober T. J Prosthet Dent 2016;116:756-763.

  1. The Use of CAD/CAM Technology for Fabricating Cast Gold Survey Crowns under Existing Partial Removable Dental Prosthesis. A Clinical Report. El Kerdani T, Roushdy S. J Prosthodont 2016 Aug 2. PMID: 27483086.

  1. Design of Complete Dentures by Adopting CAD Developed for Fixed Prostheses. Li Y, Han W, Cao J, Iv Y, Zhang Y, Han Y, Shen Y, Ma Z, Liu H. J Prosthodont 2016 Nov 21. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12554. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Parallel Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders Treated with a CAD/CAM Versus a Conventional Stabilization Splint. Pho Duc JM, Hüning SV, Grossi ML Int. J Prosthodont 2016;29:340-350.

  1. Preliminary Clinical Application of Removable Partial Denture Frameworks Fabricated Using Computer-Aided Design and Rapid Prototyping Techniques. Ye H, Ning J, Li M, Niu L, Yang J, Sun Y, Zhou Y. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:348-353.

  1. Use of intraoral scanning and 3-dimensional printing in the fabrication of a removable partial denture for a patient with limited mouth opening. Wu J, Li Y, Zhang Y. J Am Dent Assoc 2017;148:338:341.

  1. CAD/CAM-Fabricated Nonmetal Clasp Denture: In Vitro Pilot Study. Takahashi Y, Hamanaka I, Isshi K. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:277-279.

  1. Evaluation of Currently Available CAD/CAM Denture Systems. Steinmassl PA, Klaunzer F, Steinmassl O, Dumfahrt H, Grunert I. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:116-122.

  2. Digital relief of the mental foramen for a CAD/CAM-fabricated mandibular denture. Ohkubo C, Park EJ, Kim TH, Kurtz KS. J Prosthodont. 2018 Feb;27(2):189-192. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12476. Epub 2016 Mar 21.

  3. Design of complete dentures by adopting CAD developed for fixed prostheses. Li Y, Han W, Cao J, Iv Y, Zhang Y, Han Y, Shen Y, Ma Z, Liu H. J Prosthodont. 2018 Feb;27(2):212-219. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12554. Epub 2016 Nov 21.




Digital Implants- Guided Planning and Surgery

  1. The Combination of Digital Surface Scanners and Cone Beam Computed Tomography Technology for Guided Implant Surgery Using 3Shape Implant Studio Software: A Case History Report . Lanis A, del Canto OA.  Int J Prosthodont 2015;28:169-178.

  1. Accuracy of computer-guided surgery: A comparison of operator experience. Rungcharassaeng K, Caruso JM, Kan JYK, Schutyser F, Boumans T. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114:407-413.

  1. Comparison of 64-Detector-Multislice and Cone Beam Computed Tomographies in the Evaluation of Linear Measurements in the Alveolar Ridge. Pena de Andrade JG, Valerio CS, de Oliveira Monteiro MA, de Carvalho Machado V, Manzi FR. Int J Prosthodont 2016;29:132-134.

  1. Combining guided alveolar ridge reduction and guided implant placement for all-on-4 surgery: A clinical report. Faeghi Nejad M, Proussaefs P, Lozada J. J Prosthet Dent 2016;115:662-667.

  1. Impact of Surgical Template on the Accuracy of Implant Placement. Xu LW, You J, Zhang JX, Liu YF, Peng W. J Prosthodont 2016;25:641-646.

  1. In-office fabrication of dental implant surgical guides using desktop stereolithographic printing and implant treatment planning software: A clinical report. Whitley D III, Eidson SR, Rudek I, Bencharit S. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:256-263.

  1. Creation of a 3-dimensional virtual dental patient for computer-guided surgery and CAD-CAM interim complete removable and fixed dental prostheses: A clinical report. Harris BT, Montero D, Grant GT, Morton D, Llop DR, Lin WS. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:197-204.

  1. Facially generated and cephalometric guided 3D digital design for complete mouth implant rehabilitation: A clinical report. Coachman C, Calamita MA, Coachman FG, Coachman RG, Sesma N. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:577-586.

  1. Reliability of a CAD/CAM Surgical Guide for Implant Placement: An In Vitro Comparison of Surgeons’ Experience Levels and Implant Sites. Park SJ, Leesungbok R, Cui T, Lee SW, Ahn SJ. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:367-169.

  1. Computer-guided implant planning using a preexisting removable partial dental prosthesis. Kim JE, Shim JS. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:13-17.





Digital Implants- Digital Impressioning, and Prosthetic Restoration

  1. An In Vitro Study of Factors Influencing the Performance of Digital Intraoral Impressions Operating on Active Wavefront Sampling Technology with Multiple Implants in the Edentulous Maxilla. Gimenez-Gonzalez B, Hassan B, Özcan M, Pradíes G. J Prosthodont 2016 Mar 2. PMID: 26934046.

  1. Digital evaluation of the accuracy of impression techniques and materials in angulated implants. Kurtulmus-Yilmaz S, Ozan O, Ozcelik TB, Yagiz A. J Dent 2014;42:1551-1559.

  1. Impression  of multiple  implants using  photogrammetry: Description  of technique and case presentation.Peñarrocha-Oltra  D, Agustín-Panadero R, Bagán L, Giménez B, Peñarro-cha  MA. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bu-cal. 2014 Jul 1;19 (4):e366-71.  

  2. Using stereophotogrammetric technology for obtaining intraoral digital impressions of implants. Pradíes G,  Ferreiroa A, Ozcan M, Gimenez B, Martinez-Rus F. JADA 2014;145(4):338-344.

  1. Maxillary  Full-Arch Immediately  Loaded Implant-Supported Fixed  Prosthesis Designed and Produced  by Photogrammetry and Digital Printing:  A Clinical Report. Penarrocha-Oltra D, Agustın-Panadero R, Prad́ıes G,  Gomar-Vercher S, Penarrocha-Diago M. J Prosthodont. 2017 Jan;26(1):75-81. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12364. Epub 2015 Dec 14.

  1. Stereophotogrammetry  for Recording the Position  of Multiple Implants: Technical  Description. Agustín-Panadero R, Peñarrocha-Oltra D, Gomar-Vercher S,  DMD, Peñarrocha-Diago M. Int J Prosthodont. 2015 Nov-Dec;28(6):631-6. doi: 10.11607/ijp.4146.

  1. Photogrammetry  Impression Technique:    A Case History Report. Sánchez-Monescillo A, Sánchez-Turrión A, Vellon-Domarco E, Salinas-Goodier C, Prados-Frutos JC. Int J Prosthodont. 2016 Jan-Feb;29(1):71-3. doi: 10.11607/ijp.4287.

  1. Photogrammetry as an alternative to impression taking in oral implantoprosthesis.ildentistamoderna 2016.

  1. Stereophotogrammetric impression making for polyoxymethylene, milled immediate partial fixed dental prostheses. Gómez-Polo M, Gómez-Polo C, Del Río J, Ortega R.  J Prosthet Dent. 2018 Apr;119(4):506-510. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2017.04.029. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

  1. A  combined  digital and  stereophotogrammetric  technique for rehabilitation  with immediate loading of complete-arch,implant-supported  prostheses: A randomized controlled pilot clinical trial. Peñarrocha-Diago M, Balaguer-Martí JC, Peñarrocha-Oltra D, Balaguer-Martínez JF, Peñarrocha-Diago M, Agustín-Panadero R. J Prosthet Dent. 2017 Nov;118(5):596-603. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2016.12.015. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

  1. Combined Stereophotogrammetry and Laser-Sintered Computer-Aided Milling Framework for an Implant-Supported Mandibular Prosthesis: A Case History Report. Suarez MJ, Paisal I, Rodriguez-Alonso V, Lopez-Suarez C. Int J Prosthodont. 2018 January/February;31(1):60–62. doi: 10.11607/ijp.5259. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

  1. The Digital One‐Abutment/One‐Time Concept. A Clinical Report. Beuer F, Groesser J, Schweiger J, Hey J, Güth JF, Stimmelmayr M. J Prosthodont 2015 Jan 5. PMID: 25557585.

  1. Precision of dental implant digitalization using intraoral scanners. Flügge T, Att W, Metzger MC, Nelson K. Int J Prosthodont 2016;29:277-283 doi: 10.11607/ijp.4417 PMID: 27148990.

  1. Implant Ball Attachment Fabricated with CAD/CAM to Overcome an Unfavorable Clinical Situation: A Case Report. Shim JS, Lim JH, Shin JH, Ryu JJ, Lee JY, Shin SW. Int J Prosthodont 2016;29:611-613.

  1. Effect of Split‐File Digital Workflow on Crown Margin Adaptation. Sheridan RR, Verrett R, Haney S, Schoolfield J. J Prosthodont 2017 Jun 9. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12606. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Marginal fit and photoelastic stress analysis of CAD-CAM and overcast 3-unit implant-supported frameworks. Presotto AG, Bhering CL, Mesquita MF, Barão VA. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:373-379.

  1. Using stereophotogrammetric technology for obtaining intraoral digital impressions of implants. Pradíes G, Ferreiroa A, Özcan M, Giménez B, Martínez-Rus F. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 Apr;145:338-344. doi: 10.14219/jada.2013.45.

  1. Maxillary Full‐Arch Immediately Loaded Implant‐Supported Fixed Prosthesis Designed and Produced by Photogrammetry and Digital Printing: A Clinical Report. Peñarrocha-Oltra D, Agustín-Panadero R, Pradíes G, Gomar-Vercher S, Peñarrocha-Diago M. J Prosthodont 2015 Dec 14. PMID: 26662261.





Digital Maxillofacial Prosthetics

  1. Designing and manufacturing an auricular prosthesis using computed tomography, 3-dimensional photographic imaging, and additive manufacturing: A clinical report. Liacouras P, Garnes J, Roman N, Petrich A, Grant GT. J Prosthet Dent 2011;105:78-82.

  1. Innovative Approach for Interim Facial Prosthesis Using Digital Technology. Yoshioka F, Ozawa S, Hyodo I, Tanaka Y. J Prosthodont 2015 Aug 21. PMID: 26295755.

  1. Digital capture, design, and manufacturing of a facial prosthesis: Clinical report on a pediatric patient. Grant GT, Aita-Holmes C, Liacouras P, Garnes J, Wilson WO Jr. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114:138-141.

  1. Reconstruction of an Extensive Midfacial Defect Using Additive Manufacturing Techniques. Fernandes N, van den Heever J, Hoogendijk C, Botha S, Booysen G, Els J. J Prosthodont 2016;25:589-594.

  1. Geometric Evaluation of the Effect of Prosthetic Rehabilitation on the Facial Appearance of Mandibulectomy Patients: A Preliminary Study. Aswehlee AM, Elbashti ME, Hattori M, Sumita YI, Taniguchi H. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:455-457.

  1. Fabricating a Maxillary Obturator Using an Intraoral Digital Impression: A Case History Report. Park JH, Lee KS, Lee JY, Shin SW. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:266-268.

  1. CAD/CAM‐Assisted Auricular Prosthesis Fabrication for a Quick, Precise, and More Retentive Outcome: A Clinical Report. Yadav S, Narayan AI, Choudhry A, Balakrishnan D. J Prosthodont 2017 Jan 24. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12589. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Generation and evaluation of 3D digital casts of maxillary defects based on multisource data registration: A pilot clinical study. Ye H, Ma Q, Hou Y, Li M, Zhou Y. J Prosthet Dent 2017 Apr 25. pii: S0022-3913(17)30079-3. doi: 10.1016/j. prosdent.2017.01.014. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Digital Design and Fabrication of Surgical Obturators Based Only on Preoperative Computed Tomography Data. Rodney J, Chicchon I. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:111-112.




CAD/CAM Biomaterials

  1. Novel-design ultra-thin CAD/CAM composite resin and ceramic occlusal veneers for the treatment of severe dental erosion. Schlichting LH, Maia HP, Baratieri LN, Magne P. J Prosthet Dent 2011;105:217-226.

  1. Effect of surface conditioning with airborne-particle abrasion on the tensile strength of polymeric CAD/CAM crowns luted with self-adhesive and conventional resin cements. Stawarczyk B, Basler T, Ender A, Roos M, Ozcan M, Hämmerle C. J Prosthet Dent 2012;107:94-101.

  1. Two-body wear rate of CAD/CAM resin blocks and their enamel antagonists. Stawarczyk B, Özcan M, Trottmann A, Schmutz F, Roos M, Hämmerle C. J Prosthet Dent 2013;109:325-332.

  1. Translucency of esthetic dental restorative CAD/CAM materials and composite resins with respect to thickness and surface roughness. Awad D, Stawarczyk B, Liebermann A, Ilie N. J Prosthet Dent 2015;113:534-540.

  1. Effect of Different Surface Treatments on Bond Strength of Resin Cement to a CAD/CAM Restorative Material. Barutcigil K, Barutcigil Ç, Kul E, Özarslan MM, Buyukkaplan US. J Prosthodont 2016 Nov 23. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12574. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Shear Bond Strength of Repair Systems to New CAD/CAM Restorative Materials. Üstün Ö, Büyükhatipoğlu IK, Seçilmiş A. J Prosthodont 2016 Nov 23. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12564. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Clinical Evaluation of Indirect Particle‐Filled Composite Resin CAD/CAM Partial Crowns after 24 Months. Zimmermann M, Koller C, Reymus M, Mehl A, Hickel R. J Prosthodont 2017 Apr 19. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12582. [Epub ahead of print].

  2. Shear bond strength of repair systems to new CAD/CAM restorative materials. Üstün Ö, Büyükhatipoğlu IK, Seçilmiş A. J Prosthodont. 2018 Oct;27(8):748-754. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12564. Epub 2016 Nov 23.




Digital Laboratory Methods

  1. Accuracy  of computer-aided  design/computer-aided  manufacturing–generated  dental casts based on intraoral  scanner data. Patzelt SB, Bishti S, Stampf S, Att W. J Am Dent Assoc. 2014 Nov;145(11):1133-40. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.87.

  1. Comparing  the accuracy  of master models  based on digital intra-oral scanners  with conventional plaster casts. Vögtlin C, Schulz G, Jäger K, Müller B. Physics in Medicine. 2016; 1: 20-26.

  1. Full 3-dimensional digital workflow for multicomponent dental appliances: A proof of concept. van der Meer WJ, Vissink A, Ren Y. J Am Dent Assoc 2016;147:288-291. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2015.11.018.

  1. Accuracy in the digital workflow: From data acquisition to the digitally milled cast. Koch GK, Gallucci GO, Lee SJ. J Prosthet Dent 2016;115:749-754.

  1. Randomized controlled within-subject evaluation of digital and conventional workflows for the fabrication of lithium disilicate single crowns. Part II: CAD-CAM versus conventional laboratory procedures. Sailer I, Benic GI, Fehmer V, Hämmerle CHF, Mühlemann S. J Prosthet Dent 2017;118:43-48.

  1. Digital workflow for a dental prosthesis that considers lateral mandibular relation. Park JH, Kim JE, Shim JS. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:340-344.

  1. Precise Reproduction of Soft Tissue Structure around the Pontic Area Using Computer‐Aided Design and Manufacturing. Lee H, Paek J, Noh K, Kwon KR. J Prosthodont 2017 Aug 21. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12593. [Epub ahead of print].

  1. Additive Manufacturing Techniques in Prosthodontics: Where Do We Currently Stand? A Critical Review. Alharbi N, Wismeijer D, Osman RB. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:474-484.

  1. The Effect of a CAD/CAM-Guided Template on Formation of the Screw-Access Channel for Fixed Prostheses Supported by Lingually Placed Implants. Lee DH, Li LJ, Mai HN, Kim KR, Lee KW. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:113-115.

  1. Build Angle: Does It Influence the Accuracy of 3D-Printed Dental Restorations Using Digital Light-Processing Technology?. Osman RB, Alharbi N, Wismeijer D. Int J Prosthodont 2017;30:182-188.

  2. A comparative study of the accuracy of dies made from digital intraoral scanning vs. elastic impressions: An in vitro study. Serag, M, Nassar TA, Avondoglio D, Weiner S. J Prosthodont. 2018 Jan;27(1):88-93. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12481. Epub 2016 May 5.




Facial Scanning

  1. A digital approach integrating facial scanning in a CAD-CAM workflow for complete-mouth implant-supported rehabilitation of patients with edentulism: A pilot clinical study. Hassan B, Gimenez Gonzalez B, Tahmaseb A, Greven M, Wismeijer D. J Prosthet Dent 2017;117:486-492.




Shade Assessment & Matching

  1. Performance of Five Commercially Available Tooth Color‐Measuring Devices. Dozić A, Kleverlaan CJ, El-Zohairy A, Feilzer AJ, Khashayar G. J Prosthodont 2007;16:93-100.

  1. Shade Matching Assisted by Digital Photography and Computer Software. Schropp L. J Prosthodont 2009;18:235-241.

  1. Reliability and accuracy of four dental shade-matching devices. Kim-Pusateri S, Brewer JD, Davis EL, Wee AG. J Prosthet Dent 2009;101:193-199.

  1. Dental color matching instruments and systems. Review of clinical and research aspects. Chu SJ, Trushkowsky RD, Paravina RD. J Dent 2010;38:e2-e16.

  1. Four color-measuring devices compared with a spectrophotometric reference system. Lehmann KM, Igiel C, Schmidtmann I, Scheller H. J Dent 2010;38:e65-e70.

  1. Effect of abutment tooth color, cement color, and ceramic thickness on the resulting optical color of a CAD/CAM glass-ceramic lithium disilicate-reinforced crown. Chaiyabutr Y, Kois JC, Lebeau D, Nunokawa G. J Prosthet Dent 2011;105:83-90.

  1. European dental students’ opinions about visual and digital tooth colour determination systems. Dozic A, Kharbanda AK, Kamell H, Brand HS. J Dent 2011;39:e23-e28.

  1. Dental shade matching using a digital camera. Bidra AS, Taylor TD, Agar JR. J Prosthet Dent 2013;109:361-366.

  1. A novel regression model from RGB image data to spectroradiometric correlates optimized for tooth colored shades. Carney MN, Johnston WM. J Dent 2016;51:45-48.

  2. A study on possibility of clinical applications for color measurements of shade guides using an intraoral digital scanner. Yoon HI, Bae JW, Park JM, Chun YS, Kim MA, Kim M. J Prosthodont. 2018 Aug;27(7):670-675. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12559. Epub 2016 Nov 7.

  3. Evaluation of a novel computer color matching system based on the improved back-propagation neural network model. Wei J, Peng M, Li Q, Wang Y. J Prosthodont. 2018 Oct;27(8):775-783.doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12561.




  1. Preferences related to the use of mobile apps as dental educational aids: A pilot study. Bohn CE, McQuistan MR, McKernan SC, Askelson NM. J Prosthodont. 2018 Apr;27(4):329-334. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12667. Epub 2017 Sep 5.